BY HANNAH ARENDT
Books Published (in English) during Hannah Arendt’s Lifetime (1929-1975)
(in alphabetical order)
Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought (originally published as Between Past and Future: Six Exercises in Political Thought, Viking Press, New York, 1961): Viking, New York, 1968.
Crises of the Republic: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1972.
Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil: Viking Press, New York, 1963. Revised edition, 1965; first German edition, Munich, 1964.
The Human Condition: University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1958.
Love and St. Augustine (originally titled Der Liebesbegriff bei Augustin, Berlin, 1929): edited and with an introductory essay by Joanna Vecchiarelli Scott and Judith Chelius Stark, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1996.
Men in Dark Times: Harcourt, Brace & World, New York, 1968.
On Revolution: Viking Press, New York, 1963; revised edition, 1965.
On Violence: Harcourt, Brace & World, New York, 1970.
The Origins of Totalitarianism: Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York, 1951; first German edition, Frankfurt, 1958.
Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewish Woman (written between 1928 and 1938 and originally published as Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewess, London, 1958): Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1974.
Books Published (in English) Posthumously
(in alphabetical order)
Essays in Understanding, 1930-1954: Formation, Exile, and Totalitarianism: edited by Jerome Kohn, Schocken Books, New York, 1994.
The Jew as Pariah: Jewish Identity and Politics in the Modern Age: edited and with an introduction by Ron H. Feldman, Grove Press, New York, 1978.
The Jewish Writings: edited by Jerome Kohn and Ron H. Feldman, Schocken Books, New York, 2007.
Lectures on Kant’s Political Philosophy: edited and with an interpretive Essay by Ronald Beiner, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1992.
The Life of the Mind: edited by Mary McCarthy, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1978.
The Portable Hannah Arendt (Viking Portable Library): edited and with an introduction by Peter Baehr, Penguin, New York, 2000.
The Promise of Politics: edited with an introduction by Jerome Kohn, Schocken Books, New York, 2005.
Responsibility and Judgment: edited with an introduction by Jerome Kohn Schocken Books, New York, 2003.
Reflections on Literature and Culture: edited by Susannah Young-ah Gottelieb, Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif., 2007.
Between Friends: The Correspondence of Hannah Arendt and Mary McCarthy: Harcourt Brace, New York, 1995.
Hannah Arendt/Karl Jaspers Correspondence, 1926–1969: edited by Lotte Kohler and Hans Saner, translated by Robert Kimber and Rita Kimber, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1992.
Letters, 1925–1975 Hannah Arendt and Martin Heidegger: edited by Ursula Ludz, translated by Andrew Shields, Harcourt, (New York, 2004.
Within Four Walls: The Correspondence between Hannah Arendt and Heinrich Blücher, 1936-1968: edited by Lotte Kohler, translated by Peter Constantine, Harcourt, 1996, 2000.
Interviews with Hannah Arendt
Hannah Arendt: The Last Interview and Other Conversations: Melville House, Brooklyn, 2013, translated by various. Four strong, lively, and revealing biographical and topical interviews with European journalists during the 1960s and 1970s, including the well-known interview with German journalist and diplomat Günter Gaus for ZDF-TV during the period following the publication of Eichmann in Jerusalem (recorded 10/28/1964). Additional interviews: with German journalist Joachim Fest for SWR-TV (11/9/1964); with German author Adelbert Reif (summer of 1970), and with French jurist and statesman Roger Errera (10/1973).
Selected Essays by Hannah Arendt
(As cited in Hannah Arendt: A Life in Dark Times; listed chronologically)
“The Shadows,” included in Letters, 1925-1975: Hannah Arendt and Martin Heidegger.
“Portrait of a Period,” Menorah Journal, October, 1943, a review of The World of Yesterday: An Autobiography, by Stephan Zweig; reprinted in The Jew as Pariah.
“Race-Thinking before Racism,” Review of Politics, January, 1944; incorporated in The Origins of Totalitarianism.
“Franz Kafka: A Re-evaluation,” Partisan Review, Winter 1946.*
“We Refugees,” Menorah Journal, January, 1943; reprinted in The Jewish Writings.
“The Jew as Pariah: A Hidden Tradition,” Jewish Social Studies, April, 1944; reprinted in The Jewish Writings. Arendt reflects on the valor of “conscious pariahdom” in the life and works of Heinrich Heine, Bernard Lazare, Charlie Chaplin, and Franz Kafka.
“Zionism Reconsidered,” Menorah Journal, August, 1945
“What Is Existenz Philosophy,” Partisan Review, Winter 1946; adapted for Essays in Understanding. A dense but fascinating essay on the phenomenology of Husserl, Jaspers, and Heidegger.
“Tentative List of Jewish Cultural Treasures in Axis-Occupied Countries” and “Tentative List of Jewish Educational Institutions in Axis-Occupied Countries,” the Commission on European Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, led by Arendt, consecutive Supplement(s) to Jewish Social Studies, 1946.
“The Concentration Camps.” Partisan Review, July, 1948; included in The Origins of Totalitarianism.
“To Save the Jewish Homeland: There Is Still Time,” Commentary, May, 1948.
“The Aftermath of Nazi Rule: Report from Germany,” Commentary, October, 1950.
“Mob and the Elite,” Partisan Review, November-December, 1950; included in The Origins of Totalitarianism.
“The Ex-Communists,” Commonweal, March, 1953; reprinted in Essays in Understanding.
“Tradition and the Modern Age,” Partisan Review, January-February, 1954; reprinted in Between Past and Future.
“Dedication to Karl Jaspers,” in Essays in Understanding.
“Freedom and Politics: A Lecture,” Chicago Review, Spring 1960; reprinted in Between Past and Future.
“The Gap between Past and Future,” reflections on thought, action, and loss of tradition, 1961, published as a preface to Between Past and Future.
“A Reporter at Large: Eichmann in Jerusalem,” The New Yorker, February 16-March 16, 1963, revised for book publication as Eichmann in Jerusalem.**
Hannah Arendt, “ ‘The Formidable Dr. Robinson’: A Reply,” The New York Review of Books, January 20, 1966.
“Truth and Politics,” The New Yorker, February 25, 1967.
“Thinking and Moral Considerations: A Lecture,” reflections on how individual moral decisions are made, Social Research, Fall 1971; incorporated in The Life of the Mind, Volume I, “Thinking.”
“Lying and Politics: Reflections on the Pentagon Papers,” The New York Review of Books, November 18, 1971; reprinted in Crises of the Republic.
“Thinking,” The New Yorker, November 21-December 5, 1977; a three-part serialization of Volume I of The Life of the Mind.
*Back issues of Partisan Review, 1934-2003, are now available in an elegant online format at http://hgar-pub1.bu.edu/web/partisan-review/search-collection/, a project of the Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center at Boston University.
**It’s fascinating to read Eichmann in its original form and context, available online to The New Yorker subscribers at http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1963/02/16/eichmann-in-jerusalem-i.
ABOUT HANNAH ARENDT
(Close to one hundred books and many hundreds of articles about Arendt appear in the catalog of the Library of Congress, WorldCat, and other listings; academic papers and conferences about her work and thought abound around the world. Here is a brief selection of films, videos, general-interest books, websites, and short essays in English that I found especially thoughtful or provocative.)
Hannah Arendt’s interview with Gunter Gaus (“At least I am not innocent”) from 1964, with unattributed English subtitles: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dsoImQfVsO4.
Her 1964 interview with Joachim Fest (“When we think of a criminal, we imagine someone with criminal motives. And Eichmann . . . doesn’t have any criminal motives”), in German, without subtitles: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jF_UvHhbZIA.
Arendt’s 1973 interview with Roger Errera, in French (“America is not a nation-state, and Europeans have a hell of a time understanding this simple fact. . . . There are no natives here”): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cK3TMi9GqwE.
“Hannah Arendt,” by Margarethe von Trotta, 2013, Zeitgeist Films (on Netflix), reviewed here: http://www.newyorker.com/culture/richard-brody/hannah-arendt-and-the-glorification-of-thinking.
“The Specialist: Portrait of a Modern Criminal” (1999), directed by Eyan Sivan, a controversial and even inflammatory film based on (real or doctored, as critics of the film insist) “rare” footage of Adolf Eichmann’s 1961 trial and supposedly made in response to Arendt’s Eichmann in Jerusalem (Netflix DVD).
Blog The best blog about and in the spirit of Arendt—and one of the best weekly selections of thought and opinion anywhere—is “Amor Mundi” (“love of the world”), published every Sunday by Roger Berkowitz, an associate professor of political studies and the director of the Hannah Arendt Center at Bard College. Berkowitz collects and annotates outstanding essays and reports touching on political and philosophical matters of concern to Hannah Arendt from The New Yorker, The New York Review of Books, and other sources both known and obscure: http://www.hannaharendtcenter.org/?cat=930.
(alphabetically by author)
Seyla Benhabib, Politics in Dark Times: Encounters with Hannah Arendt: Cambridge University Press, New York, 2010. An outstanding collection of essays on Arendt’s ideas on the political issues of our time.
Roger Berkowitz, Jeffrey Katz, Thomas Keenan, editors, Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics And Politics: Fordham University Press, New York, 2010.
Bernstein, Richard, Hannah Arendt and the Jewish Question: MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1996. A warm and penetrating analysis of Arendt’s writings on Jews and Jewishness by a professor at the New School and a former friend and colleague of Arendt’s.
Margaret Canovan, Hannah Arendt: A Reinterpretation of Her Political Thought: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Hans-Georg Gadamer, Heidegger’s Ways: State University of New York Press, Albany, 1994.
Melvyn A. Hill, ed., Hannah Arendt, The Recovery of The Public World: St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1979. A collections of essays by Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Bernard Crick, Michael Denneny, and others (in libraries).
Jerome Kohn, ed., Hannah Arendt: Twenty Years Later: MIT Press, Cambridge, 1996. More worthy essays on Arendt by scholars and admirers of her work.
Julia Kristiva, Hannah Arendt: Life as a Narrative (translated by Frank Collins): University of Toronto Press, 2001. An adaptation of the author’s Alexander Lectures at the U. of Toronto, examining the theme, “‘Be[ing] eternally and unswervingly loyal to the story’ means no less than be[ing] loyal to life,” as Arendt wrote in her essay on Isak Dinesen, collected in Men in Dark Times.
Barbara Sicherman and Carol Hurd Green, “Hannah Arendt,” in Notable American Women: The Modern Period: a Biographical Dictionary: Belknap Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1980.
Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Hannah Arendt: For Love of the World: Yale University Press, New Haven, 1982, the heroic–and most complete and intimate–biography of Hannah Arendt.
Dana Villa, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Hannah Arendt: Cambridge University Press, New York, 2000. Essays on characteristic and recurring themes in Arendt’s work, including freedom, political action, revolution, thinking, and totalitarianism, by Margaret Canovan, Seyla Benhabib, Jerome Kohn, Richard J. Bernstein, and others.
(Hannah Arendt died on December 4, 1975, in New York City.)
Salo W. Baron, “Hannah Arendt (1906-1975),” Jewish Social Studies, Spring 1976.
Hans Jonas, “Hannah Arendt, 1906-1975,” Social Research, Spring 1976; her oldest living friend remembers her beauty, brilliance, and gift for friendship over 50 years.
Hans Jonas, Brian Fox, and Richard Wolin, “Hannah Arendt: An Intimate Portrait,” New England Review 27, no. 2, 2006.
Robert Lowell, “On Hannah Arendt,” The New York Review of Books, May 13, 1976.
Mary McCarthy, “Saying Good-Bye to Hannah,” The New York Review of Books, January 22, 1976.
Hans J. Morgenthau, “Hannah Arendt 1906-1975,” Political Theory, February, 1976.
Peter Stern and Jean Yarbrough, “Teaching: Hannah Arendt,” The American Scholar, Summer 1978.
Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, “Hannah Arendt’s Storytelling,” Social Research, Spring 1977.
ARENDT AND EICHMANN IN JERUSALEM
(Few works labeled by their authors “a report” have elicited the passionate denunciation, debate, interpretation, and praise that Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil has during its fifty years in print. Below is a small sample of the ongoing argument about the book in print. Note: The meaning and historical importance of the Eichmann trial is also a continuing subject of discussion, in part because of Arendt’s book. Transcripts of the trial make for horrifying and captivating reading even now and can be accessed in full, in English, here:
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/e/eichmann-adolf/transcripts/. Many hours of trial footage can be seen on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/EichmannTrialEN.)
David Cesarani, Eichmann: His Life and Crimes: W. Heinemann, London. 2004.“Anyone writing on the subject today works in the shadow of Hannah Arendt,” writes Cesarani in the first full biography of Eichmann since the 1960s. The book provides a deeper understanding of Eichmann’s anti-Jewish youth and and a more detailed chronicle of his increasing dedication to the Nazi cause than is available elsewhere but tends to augment rather than replace Arendt’s portrait of the amoral bureaucrat.
Deborah E. Lipstadt, The Eichmann Trial: Schocken, New York, 2011. A polemical account of the Eichmann trial with the (only marginally fulfilled) objective of showing what Arendt missed, misread, or overlooked.
Jacob Robinson, And the Crooked Shall Be Made Straight: The Eichmann Trial, the Jewish Catastrophe, and Hannah Arendt’s Narrative: Macmillan, New York, 1965. The earliest and most aggressive book-length attack on Arendt’s thesis took the form of a catalog of “literally hundreds of mistakes” and distortions in Eichmann by a historian and former special consultant to the Nuremberg and Eichmann prosecutions. A review of Robinson’s book by Walter Laqueur (quoted above) led Arendt to respond in print to her critics for the first and only time. See her “The Formidable Dr. Robinson’: A Reply,” in The New York Review of Books, January 20, 1966.
Bettina Stangneth, Eichmann before Jerusalem: The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer: Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2014. In the latest and perhaps the most effective book-length critique of Eichmann as a self-interested bureaucrat by German scholar Stangneth delves deeply into the Eichmann’s long-archived but previously un-systematically examined notes, diaries, depositions, and taped confessions from the period he spent hiding in Argentina and in captivity in Israel to document his often grotesque anti-Semitism and unbending allegiance to Naziism in a respectful though at times devastating analysis of Arendt’s thesis.
Reviews and Articles
Michael A. Musmanno, “Man with an Unspotted Conscience,” The New York Times, May 19, 1963, an especially vituperative review of Arendt’s Eichmann by a former Nuremberg litigator and advisor to the Eichmann prosecutor.
Norman Podhoretz, “Hannah Arendt on Eichmann: A Study in the Perversity of Brilliance,” Commentary, September, 1963. One of Podhoretz’s best and most thoughtful essays.
Lionel Abel, “The Aesthetics of Evil: Hannah Arendt on Eichmann And The Jews,” Partisan Review, Spring 1963. Abel mocked Arendt’s reporting, cast doubt on her truthfulness, and incited the New York intellectuals to go to war with each other.
Oscar Handlin, “Hannah Arendt’s Eichmann,” The New Leader, August 5, 1963.
Daniel Bell, “The Alphabet of Justice: Reflections on Eichmann In Jerusalem,” Partisan Review, Fall 1963.
Marie Syrkin, “Hannah Arendt: The Clothes of the Empress,” Dissent, Autumn 1963.
Mary McCarthy, “The Hue and Cry,” Partisan Review, Winter 1964. This was McCarthy’s rebuttal of Abel’s review, and it set of a new round of vituperation. Reading Eichmann in Jerusalem, she claimed, “despite all the horrors in it, was exhilarating. I freely confess that it gave me joy and I too heard a paean in it–not a hate-paean to totalitarianism but a paean of transcendence, heavenly music, like the final chorus of Figaro or the Messiah.” Needless to say, the debate raged on.
“More on Eichmann,” comments by the ascerbic Marie Syrkin, Harold Weisberg, and Irving Howe, and Lionel Abel, on the nay side and Robert Lowell, Dwight Macdonald, and Mary McCarthy on the yea, Partisan Review, Spring 1964.
Amos Elon, “The Case of Hannah Arendt,” The New York Review of Books, November 6, 1997. A finely balanced restrospective of the original mêlée.
Daniel Maier-Katkin,“The Reception of Hannah Arendt’s Eichmann in Jerusalem in the United States, 1963-2011,” Journal for Political Thinking, 2011.
Sol Stern, “The Lies of Hannah Arendt,” Commentary, September, 2013. A vituperative Arendt critic weighs in after viewing Margarethe von Trotta’s “Hannah Arendt.”
Adam Kirsch, “Fifty Years Later, Why Does ‘Eichmann in Jerusalem’ Remain Contentious?” The New York Times, November 26, 2013.
ARENDT AND MARTIN HEIDEGGER
(A comprehensive listing of Heidegger’s lectures, 1923-1928, and published works can be found online at http://www.beyng.com/hb/gesamt.htmlY16\.)
Hannah Arendt, “Martin Heidegger at Eighty,” The New York Review of Books, October 21, 1971: “There was hardly more than a name,” Arendt wrote in tribute half a century after meeting Heidegger, “but the name traveled all over Germany like the rumor of the hidden king.”
Hannah Arendt, “Heidegger the Fox,” Essays in Understanding.
Berel Lang, Heidegger’s Silence: Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1996.
Elzbieta Ettinger, Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger: Yale University Press, New Haven,1995. An interpretive and at times fevered reconstruction of Arendt’s love affair with Heidegger from 1925-1928. Because of Heidegger’s Nazi Party membership in the 1930s and 1940s, the book caused a scandal for Arendt’s reputation when published.
Samuel Fleischacker, ed., Heidegger’s Jewish Followers: Essays on Hannah Arendt, Leo Strauss, Hans Jonas, and Emmanuel Levinas: Duquesne University Press, Pittsburg, 2008, including essays on Arendt and Heidegger by Dana Villa and Norma Claire Moruzzi.
Daniel Maier-Katkin, Stranger from Abroad: Hannah Arendt, Martin Heidegger, Friendship and Forgiveness: W.W. Norton, New York, 2010.
Hugo Ott, Martin Heidegger: A Political Life, tr. by Allan Blunden: Basic Books, New York, 1993. A fine exploration of Heidegger and the Nazis.
Rüdiger Safranski, Martin Heidegger: Between Good and Evil, tr. by Ewald Osers: Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1998. An excellent biography of Heidegger, including Arendt’s considerable though unacknowledged influence on him.
George Steiner, No Passion Spent: Essays 1978-1995: Yale University Press, New Haven, 1996, with a fine essay on Heidegger’s philosophical mentor, friend, and late life political scapegoat Edmund Husserl.
Dana R. Villa, Arendt and Heidegger: The Fate of the Political: Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1996. A scrupulous examination of Arendt’s debt to Heidegger balanced against the many independent constituents of her political thought.
Richard Wolin, Heidegger’s Children: Hannah Arendt, Karl Lowith, Hans Jonas, and Herbert Marcuse: Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2001. Wolin follows four of Heidegger’s most gifted Jewish students from the 1920s, when they first encounter Heidegger, into the 1930s and beyond, by an Arendt critic and professor of history at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.
Peter Gordon, “Heidegger in Black,” The New York Review of Books, October 9, 2014. A review of Heidegger’s “Black Notebooks,” edited by Peter Trawny (so far published only in German), with an anaysis of anti-Semitic passages by a professor of history at Harvard.
FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES
Mary McCarthy, Intellectual Memoirs, 1936-1938: Harcourt Brace, New York, 1993.
William Phillips, A Partisan View: Five Decades of a Literary Life, Stein and Day, 1983.
Lionel Abel, The Intellectual Follies: A Memoir of Literary Venture in New York and Paris: Norton, New York, 1984.
Norman Podhoretz, Ex-Friends: Falling Out With Allen Ginsberg, Lionel and Diana Trilling, Lillian, Hannah Arendt, and Norman Mailer: Free Press, New York, 199.
Elizabeth Hardwick, A View of My Own: Essays in Literature and Society: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, New York, 1962.
Irving Howe, A Margin of Hope: an Intellectual Autobiography: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, San Diego, 1982.
Gershom Scholem, A Life in Letters, 1914-1982, translated by Anthony David Skinner: Harvard College, 2002.
Diana Trilling, The Beginning of the Journey: Harcourt Brace, 1993.
William Barrett, The Truants: Adventures among the Intellectuals: Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, 1982.
Alfred Kazin, A Lifetime Burning in Every Moment: From the Journals Of Alfred Kazin, especially for Kazin’s first impressions of Hannah in the 1940s and his portrait of her marriage: Harper Collins, New York, 1996.
Alfred Kazin, New York Jew: Knopf, New York, 1978.
David Laskin, Partisans: Marriage, Politics, and Betrayal among the New York Intellectuals: Simon & Schuster, New York, 2000.
Hans Jonas, Memoirs: edited and annotated by Christian Wiese, translated by Krishna Winston, Brandeis University Press, 2008.
Ann Birstein, What I Saw at the Fair: Welcome Rain, New York, 2003.
NOVELS CONTAINING PORTRAITS OF ARENDT
Randall Jarrell, Pictures from an Institution, Knopf, New York, 1954.
Ann Birstein, When the Wind Blew, Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, New York, 1972.
Jean Stafford, Children Are Bored on Sunday: Harcourt Brace, New York, 1953.